India’s 1st space observatory launched from Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh

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It is indeed  a special moment for India, especially for the all the Telugu people  as India’s first true blue space observatory, ASTROSAT has been  launched on Monday at 10 AM from the space port of Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. PSLV-C30 carrying Astrosat along with six other co-passengers, one satellite each from Indonesia and Canada, and four nano satellites from the US. Mission Readiness Review (MRR) committee and Launch Authorization Board (LAB) that met on September 25 had cleared the launch of PSLV-C30.

One of the unique features of Astrosat mission is that it enables the simultaneous multi-wavelength observations of various astronomical objects with a single satellite, ISRO said. Astrosat will observe the universe in optical, ultraviolet, low and high energy X-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, whereas most other scientific satellites are capable of observing a narrow range of wavelength band. Astrosat with a lift-off mass of about 1513 kg will be launched into a 650 km orbit inclined at an angle of 6 deg to the equator by PSLV-C30.

The mission is also to detect new briefly bright X-ray sources in the sky and to perform a limited deep field survey of the universe in the ultraviolet region. Astrosat scheduled for five years of flight carries four X-ray payloads, one UV telescope and a charge particle monitor.

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